If you aren’t sure what to plant this year or you’re new to gardening in Kodiak, today’s column is for you.
I decided to approach today’s column (#1299) from the perspective of a Beginner’s Mind during this weekend’s Spring Women’s Show. When I signed up to attend, my goal was simple: Answer gardening questions. Here’s a sampler:
“We moved to Kodiak last fall and don’t have a clue what grows here.”
“We’re in our new house and we want to grow veggies, but our yard is just gravel right now.”
So let’s begin with raised beds …
Whether you live in Kodiak or Kansas, raised beds are the way to grow. By raised beds, I am referring to hilled-up soil as well as boxed-in soil.
For Kodiak, raised beds (boxes filled with soil) set you
up for success better than in-ground gardening.
That’s because raised beds:
• Provide a manageable way to garden in small spaces intensively.
• Reduce soil compaction and plant damage, especially from foot traffic. Think children and pets. The idea is to walk on the paths, not on the soil.
• Allow for a longer growing season: They warm up more quickly in the spring (assuming you prepare your soil with lots of organic material). This allows for a longer growing season and better growing conditions. And if you’re building raised bed frames with wood, it’s much easier to attach hoops for covering with plastic and other protective materials.
• Mean less weeding and maintenance: Once the soil in a raised bed has settled in and stabilized, compaction is almost non-existent so the need for seasonal deep digging or tilling is nil.
• Provide better drainage: A well-prepared raised bed allows the soil to drain better than in an in-ground garden. In Kodiak, our native soil is known as “butter clay”: low pH, sticky, mostly volcanic-based, drains poorly and lacks organics. (Healthy soil contains 5-10% organic matter.) Yet when you fill a raised bed with compost, mulch, old manure, seaweed and so on, you’re able to grow crops that would otherwise not fare well.
• Allow for more spaces to grow: Flat land is at a premium on The Rock. Raised beds can be built on slopes as terraced gardens, on parking lots and gravel pads.
• Make is easier to manage water and mulch, and soil amendments are easier as well. They can be more carefully controlled, which means less waste.
• Finally, raised beds provide easier access for aging gardeners and folks with disabilities. Raised beds, at the proper height, can improve access for wheelchairs, or for gardeners who have a hard time bending over.
All these good things allow for more intensive spacing between plants, which means more food on the table.
If haven’t built your raised beds yet (and the growing season is staring you in the face), here’s a quick and dirty way to get ready:
Build your boxes. Aim for 12 inches deep.
Now fill it three-quarters full with chunky stuff such as kitchen scraps, some local soil, well-rotted manure, broccoli stems, seaweed, vacuum cleaner lint, guinea pig cage bedding, coffee grounds … you get the idea.
Then top it off with good soil and compost, and plant.
What veggies grow well in Kodiak?
After a year like 2020, I feel like we could all use some “easy wins” in our lives.
Especially when our “wins” are tasty, delicious, and good for our bodies and our families!
To help us fill our plates with more vegetable wins, here’s my Top 40 list of vegetables ideally suited for Kodiak. And if you have a greenhouse or hoophouse, you can cast your net even wider and include cucumbers, summer squash, peppers and tomatoes.
1. Kale: You can’t go wrong with kale. Our cool climate produces sweet, tender leaves, unlike the tough, stringy (boil-it-to-death) kale grown in hot climates.
2. Broccoli: All varieties love Kodiak.
3. Carrots: All shapes and colors do well here.
4. Potatoes: Be sure they are certified seed potatoes. You have your choice of color and shape (gold, blue, white, red, fingerling, giant, regular), storage quality and timing (early, late, mid-season). Also check for resistance to scab.
5. Swiss chard: A 1915 seed catalogue said, “Swiss chard produces more food for the table than almost any other vegetable and it also requires less care; it yields a constant crop from July to winter.”
6. Onions: It’s all about day length. Long-day onions (the kinds that store well and make you cry) are more dependable and cold-hardy than short-day onions such as Vidalia and Walla Walla Sweets.
7. Lettuce: All lettuces adore cool weather. Mix up your own blends and grow gourmet, cut-and-come-again salad greens.
8. Spinach: To grow a continuous crop of spinach, sow seeds every couple of weeks. Smooth-leaf varieties are easier to clean.
9. Radishes: Every variety is a winner, raw or cooked.
10. Peas: For a reliable crop, stick with snap peas and snow peas, not shelling peas.
11. Garlic: The hard-neck varieties are more cold-hardy, produce larger cloves and have a lot more flavor than the soft-neck kinds. Plant in the fall for next season’s harvest.
12. Mustard greens and Asian greens: All types thrive here. One of my favorites: Wrinkled Crinkled Cress.
13. Turnips: Hakurei turnips are so sweet you can eat them raw …
14. Beets: Beets require light, slightly sweet soil and plenty of sun. A few favorites: Bull’s Blood, Red Ace, Detroit Red, Chioggia (striped).
So there you have it. I hope this helps. Remember, you don’t have to get it perfect, you just have to get it going.
Until next week, thanks to everyone who stopped by my booth at the Spring Women’s Show. Your stories and comments are what keeps me going for almost 25 years of writing these weekly column …
We need your plants: Donations of rhubarb, clumps of raspberries, gooseberries, and currants, perennials, indoor plants and seedlings are needed for the May 8 plant sale. All proceeds go to benefit KMXT. Contact me for more information: email@example.com or 907-539-5009.
Begin hardening-off seedlings before transplanting them outside. Avoid direct sun at this point.
Clean and oil hand tools. Collect rain water. Celebrate spring bulbs!
If you’d like to join my Garden Shed newsletter, which is all about organic gardening with a few recipes and photo tips tossed in, visit my blog at MarionOwenAlaska.com. You can also find me on Facebook and Instagram. To get in touch by email: firstname.lastname@example.org.